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ag国际馆申博视讯【dbrafzk.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。上海磐床哦航天信息有限公司(原清徐疤擦棠信息科技有限公司)成立于1990年,占地面积71403平方米,广东贵宾会AG冰河世界其中生产厂房占地5410平方米,仓库面积占地7815平方米。固定资产9077万元,流动资产2521万元,干部职工共487人,工程技术人员13人。ag国际馆申博视讯C,largestate-ownedbanksintroducestrategicinvestorsmainlyforpromotingthereformoftheircorporategovernancestructure,pushingaheadthetransformationofinternalsystemsandregimes,ngmanagementandcompetence,bylearningfromstrategicinvestors,theyintroducestrategicinvestorsmostlyforloweringcost,drivingcomprehensivereform,rapidlyreversingthefinancialstatusfromdeficittosurplus,schiefpurposeofintroducingstrategicinvestorsistosatisfythestrictrequirementofthe8%capitaladequacyratiosetbytheChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission(CBRC).Sincefinancingonthedomesticcapitalmarketisstillrestrictedatpresent,andthelawsandregulationsonprivateplacementareyettobeestablished,,afterintroducingforeigninvestmenthasbecomepopularinthebankingsector,ipationThepercentageofsharesheldbymanyforeignfinancialinstitutionsindomestic,HSBC,INGGroup,CommonwealthBankofAustralia,andStandardCharteredBankinvestedinBankofCommunications,BankofBeijing,HangzhouCityCommercialBankandBohaiBank,respectively,%tbecomethelargestshareholder,theyhaveallnegotiatedacontractclauseintheequit,suchasIndustrialBankandBankofBeijing,thetotalpercentageofforeignshareholdingreachestheupperlimitof25%nesebankForinstance,%stakeinBankofCommunications,an8%stakeinBankofShanghai,%stakeinPingAnIns,thisisbecauseChinasrelevantpolicyisnotveryclearandforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutionsthatarepositiveaboutthedevelopmentofChinasfinancialmarkethavetogetpreparedinseveralfieldsinordertoc,thismightberelatedwiththebusinessstrategyofforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutions,hineselocalbanksandfinallyeliminatingrivals....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ShenHengchao,,2007ThenonprofitscientificresearchorganizationsinChinacanbedividedintotwocategories:publicnonprofitinstitutio,theyaremodifiedas"nonprofit"andarecalled"nonprofitresearchinstitutions",ateandmanagelikenonprofitorganizationsasthenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsandregardsthenonprofitresearchinstitutionsandtheprivatenon-corporatereonsBoththenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsandtheprivatenon-corporatescientificresearchinstitutionsaresomewhatandmanagedasnonprofitorganizations,butstillhavetoberegisteredaspublicinstitutionsThenonprofitscientificresearchin,Chinahad679publicscientificresearchinstitutionsunderthejurisdictionsofthedepartmentsofthecentralgovernmentand3,222publicscientificre,DevelopingHighTechnologiesandRealizingIndustrializationpromulgatedin1999providesthatthenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsthatcannotreceivecorrespondingenstitutionspromulgatedin2000dividestheresearchinstitutionsintotwocategorie,whicharemainlyengagedinthebasicresearchorprovisionofpublicservices,cannotreceivethecorrespondingeconomicreturnsandtrulyrequirestatesupport,willcontinuetoberegardedaspublicinstitutions,ionspromulgatedin2000providesthattheorganizationalmanagementandaccountingsystemofthenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsshouldbesubmittedbythecompetentauthoritiestotheMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofFinance,theStateCommissionOfficeforPublicSectorReformandtheStateTaxationAdministrationforjointexamination;andtheseinstitutionsshouldberegisteredwiththedepartmentinchargeoft,theyshouldfollowtheaccountingsystemdesignedforthepublicscientificinstitutionsandtheirannualbudgetsshouldbeexaminedandpooledbythecomp,althoughthenonprofitscientificresearchinstitutionsarerequestedtobeoperatedandmanagedasnonprofitorganizations,theyarestillpublicinsti,thenonprofitorganizationsinthegeneralsensehavetherighttorecruitemployeesandfo,thenonprofitscientificrethavelargelycompletedtheirreformsorarestillintheprocessofreforms,whilethoseunderthejurisdictionsoftheregionalgovernmentshavejustbeguntheirreforms,ofit-makingtendencyInthelegalsense,Chinahasthreecategoriesofnonprofitorganizations:socialgroups,privatenon-corporateinstitutions,,therewere186,000socialgroups,159,000privatenon-corporateinstitutionsand1,,theybelongtothecategory,privatenon-corporatescientificresearchinstitutionshavedevelopedrapidlyinChina,risingfrom4,522attheendof2003,to5,824bytheendof2004andfurtherto6,,ExaminationandAdministrationofPrivateNon-CorporateScientificandTechnologicalInstitutionspromulgatedin2000,theprivatenon-cor(thescientificandtechnologicalresearchinstitutesaremainlyengagedinscientificresearchandtechnologicaldevelopment),andtherestbeteNon-CorporateInstitutionsprovidesthat,aconsiderablepartofsuchinstitutionshavedemon,WuChuanzhufoundinasurveyontheprivatenon-corporateinstitutionsinthecityofRizhaothatsomeoftheseinstitutionsinfacthdwitrganizationandinsteadcanonl,theLawonthePromotionofNongovernmentalEducationencouragesthecapitalcontributorsofthenongovernmentialpolicytreatmentthaninvestmentmadeinenterprisesandastherearenomajorobstaclestopreventthemfromreceivingreturns,theresultisthatprivatenon-corporateinstitutionscontinuetogrowrapidlyinnumberdespiterepeatedrectifications.。

    XieFuzhan,LiuShijin,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqunLiJianweiByJinSanlinResearchReportNo009,2006In2006,ce,,TendingtoSlowDownFromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,thegrowthrateoftheunrecoveredbalanceofcapitalbyfinishedindustrialproductshasbeenonthedecline,andthistrendcontinuedintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,indicatingrchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRC,theperformanceofupstreamindustriesandthemiddleinvestmentproductscontinuedtodropintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruary,andthegrowthrateof,factorsthatleadtotheslowing-downofeconomicperformancemainlyinclude:First,theproblemofsurpluscapacityinsomeindustriesstillexists,andinparticular,surpluscapacityinsuchindustriesasironandsteel,cement,,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,’sexportgrowththisyearinclude:theworldeconomicgrowthmayslowdown,andthegrowthrateofimportofChina’smajortradingpartnerstendtodrop;tradefrictionsmayworsen;theRenminbiexchangeratemayrisebyasmallmargin;andChina’’sgrowthrateofexportwilldropslightly,andtheweakeneddrivi,thesupply-demandrelationshiptendstochangetothesituationwherethesupplyoutpacesthedemand,,thePPI(producerpriceindex)rose3%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,thepurchasingpriceofrawmaterials,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;(consumerpriceindex)%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,roduceacertainshrinkingeffecttotheenterprises’st,consumptiondemandscontinuetorise,,alongwiththefasteconomicdevelopment,theincomelevelsofurbanandruralresidentsalsorosefast,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,andafterdeductingthepricefactor,%,continuingthetrendofanactualgrowthof12%registeredinthepreviousyear,,inthesaleamountofwholesaleandretailindustryabovethedesignatedquota,%,%%.Drivenbythedemandofresidentsforhouses,autosandelectronicinformationproducts,thebaseforasustainablegrowthofauto,realestate,electronicinformationindustriesissolidandfavorable,ofwhich,thedevelopmentoftheautoindustry,aftereliminatingitsinventoryandadjustingtheproductmix,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,withmacrocontrolandadjustmentmeasureslastyear,irrationaldemandscausedbyspeculativeactivitiesarebeingbroughtundercontrol,,thepriceofcommodityhousescontinuedtorise,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,%,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,althoughthegrowthratedroppedslightlycomparedwiththatofthepreviousyear,,drivenbyconsumption,thedevelopmentofendindustriesaccelerated,therewa,localgovernmentsareallhighlyenthusiasticaboutspeedingupthedevelopmentrelatedtotheirrespectiveplans,thedemandsinallsectorscouldbetranslatedintoahugedemandforinvestment,andtherefore,,alongwiththechangeofenterprises’internalmechanismandthefiercemarketcompetition,investmentbye,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,higherthantheoverallgrowthrateofinvestment,ofwhich,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,an%,,thetotalengineeringandconstructionprojectsofurbanfixedassetinvestmentamountedto48,589,anincreaseof9,913overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear;thenumberofnewlystartedprojectswas11,723,anincreaseof4,140overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%,althoughthegrowthofloanswasnothigh,moneysupplywasrelativelysufficient,,ofthegrowthrateofbankloans,short-termloanshaveregisteredthebiggestdrop,butmiddleandlong-termloanshaveallregisteredafastgrowth,indicatingthatfinancialin,thegrowthrateoffixedassetinvestmenttendstoaccelerate.Figure1TheYear-on-yearGDPGrowthRatesinDifferentQuartersduringtheFirstHalvesof2004~2007(%)Source:StateStatisticsBureau(2)GrowthoffixedassetinvestmentdeclinedandpositivechangestookplaceininvestmentstructureInthefirsthalfof2007,,%,yearonyear,%,yearonyear;%.Growthoftheenergy-consuming%.Ofthis,investmentincommunications,transportationandwarehousingaswellasinpostalservice,waterconservancyandmanagementofpublicfacilitiesgrewfast,%%,%%yearonyearrespectively,%intheeasternregion.(3)GrowthofincomesoftheurbanandruralresidentsacceleratedandtheconsumptiondemandrealizedamaximumgrowthInthefirsthalfof2007,theaggregateretailvolumeofthesocialconsumergoodsamountedto4200billionyuan,%,yearonyear,,,%;%.Cont,inhed7052yuan,%afterallowingfortheprice,increasing314yuanfromayearago,%,onsumptiondemandandthusstimulatedthegrowthofthenationaleconomy.(4)GrowthofthenationwidefinancialrevenuesacceleratedAccordingtothestatisticsoftheMinistryofFinance,fromJanuarythroughJune,,%fromayearago,%,%overthepreviousyear;%yearonyear.(5)Therewasanobviousturnaroundinsupplyanddemandformainenergyproducts,withthepricerisefallingbackInthefirsthalfof2007,,%,yearonyear;andtheaccumulativeoutputofrawcoal,%,%%,,importsofthemainenergyproductsincreasedrapidly,,%fromayearagoandthecoalimportgrew44%,yearonyear;%overthepreviousyear;%,therewashalfof2007,thenationaleconomyperformedwellasawhole,whichresulted:Inordertotackletheexcesscashflowandtheoverlyrapidassetpricerise,theCentralBankraisedtheinterestratesforthreetimesrunning;heightenedthedepositreservefundratioforfivetimes;market,taxregulationandcontrolmeasureswereenactedattherighttime,plus,thestatedepartmentsconcernedsuccessivelyimplementedaseriesofmacroregulationpoliciestoencourageimportandlimitexport,especiallytheexportofthehigh-energyconsumptionandhigh-pollutionproducts,adjustedtheexporttaxrefundpolicytoalargeextent,andreducedthetaxrefundratesofpartoftheproductsandincreasedexporttariffsofpartoftheproducts,reducingpollution,theStateCouncilsetuptheleadinggroupforenergysavingandpollutionreductionwork,reformedandimprovedenergysavingsupervisionsystem,promulgatedtheComprehensivePlanforEnergySavingandPollutionReduction,andp,vestmentaswellas5billionyuanfromthecentralfinancialbudgetandanadded10billionyut,thestatecarriedoutthepolicyofexercisingbothprotectionandsuppression,augmentedtheinvestmentinagricultureandinrelevantareasofthetertiaryindustry,strictlycontrolledtheinvestmentinindustriesofoverproduction,highenergyconsumptionandhighpollutantdumping,andrigorouslytooktheenvironmentalprotectionof2007andthisresultwascloselyrelatedtotheimplementationofthemacroregulationpolicies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,"AnalysisoftheChineseMarketSituationintheFirstHalfof2007andForecastontheFutureDevelopment"10-200米ByShenHengchao,,2007Thefundforscienceandtechnology(ST)activitiesreferstothemoneyraisedforSTservices,researchanddevelopment(RD),researchresultapplicatiootalSTfund,,itisnecessarytostudythedistributionandu,thesourceandspendingofthefundforSTactivitiescanberepresentedbytwoindicatorsrespectively,,China,,,,,%.Oftheinternalexpenditure,,theabsoluteamounthasbeenrisingsteadily,maintainingafairlystableratiowiththecountry(1)ClassificationaccordingtopurposesBasedondifferentpurposes,governmentfundforSTactivitiescanbeclassifiedintoSTexpense,threekindsoffeesforSTactivities,infrastructureconstructionfees,,whichrefermainlytotherecurrentoperationalandadministrativeexpensesoftheresearchinstitutionsunderthedepartmentsofthecentralgovernmentandthelaboratoriesofsomeuniversitiesanda,STexpenseaccountedfor30%。

    大赢家PT印加JP游戏ByYuanDongming,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo,093,(ZGC)IndustrialAlliances:TheInnovationSystemofZ-ParkAfterovertwodecadesofdevelopmentandexploration,Z-Parkhasdevelopedintoaworldfirst-ratescienceparkfromtheoriginal"ElectronicStreet";ithasgraduallymovedintotheendogenousdevelopmentphasewithenterprisesasthemainbodies,withthecombinationofpolicy,production,studyandresearch,andbasedoninstitutionalinnovationfromtheextensivedevelopmentphasefocusingonattractingmerchantsandimportingfunds,landtransferand"trade-industry-technology";ithasblazedanindependentinnovationdevelopmentpathofnewandhightechnologieswithenterprisesasthemainbodies,andhasinitiallyformedanopenregionalinnovationsystem,Z-Parkisfacedwiththeglobaltechnologicandinternationalmultinationalsarebecomingincreasinglyfierce,sotheunitedinnovationrelyingonZGCinnovationshina,ZGCinnovationsystemisanimportantpartofChinasinnovationsystem,holdsasignificantstrategicstatusinthelong-termplanofthedevelopmentofaninnovativecountry,andisamagnificentstrategicbreakthroughforChinatofacethechallengesandopportunitiesofglobalizationandknowledgeeconom,ZGCinnovsinthecountry,with68famousuniversitiesrepresentedbyPekingUniversityandTsinghuaUniversityand270scientific,22nationalengineeringresearchcentersand20nationalengineeringandtechniqueresearchcenters,whichaccountfor28%,22%and20%respectivelyofthecountry,,ZGCin,000enterprisesinthepark,mostofwhicharehi-techones,andover4,,ZGCinnovationsystempos,havingestablishedninenationaluniversityscienceparks,eightopenlaboratoriesandnationalengineeringandtechniqueinnovationbases,andboastscapitalpoliticalresources,includingpolicies,,ZGCinnoianbusinessofsomemultinationalsarelocatedinBeijing,an,,governments,Z-Parkreceivedstrongsupportfromthecentralgover,theStateCouncilputforwardrequirementsonstrengtheningZ-Par"Twenty-threeSuggestionsontheFurtherDevelopmentofZhongguancunSciencePark",anddecidedto"furtherdevelopZhongguancunScienceParkwitheffortsofthewholecity".inZGCin2002,over20industrialalliancesoffivevarietieshavebeenfoundedinZGCregion,includingRDcooperation,technicalstandard,industrialchaincooperation,,,includingsoftware,integratecircuit,communication,internet,newmaterials,biologicalmedicine,culturaloriginality,environmentprotectionandmobilephoneanimation,someofwhicharethecurrentpillarindustriesinZGC,,whichareundergrowingperiodorleap-froggingdevelopmentphase,inChinatorefertosincethedevelopmentofZGCindustrialalliancesistakingtheleadinthecountry,anddomesticlawsandregulationsonindustrialalliancesdevelopmentareincomplete,soallmainbodiesofa,governancemethods,.MainreasonsfortherapiddevelopmentofZGCindustrialalliancesFirst,ZGCisthefirst-rateregionalinnovationsysteminChina,withwillingnessandfoundationofthecooperationamongproduction,,thereareplentyoforiginalinnovationswhichareinneedofindustrializationandresearchinstitutionsareinneedofes,plentyofvigorousinnovativeenterprisesinZGCneedalliedinnovationtoenhance,inZGC,theindustrialstructurefocusingonhi-techindustries,especiallytheinformationindustryhasobjectivedemandsonindustrialalliances.(1)TheRDofnewhi-techindustriesneedshighcostsandhasgreatrisks,andenterprisesneedalliedinnovationtosharethecostsandrisksofinnovation.(2)Thetechnologiesofhi-techindustrieshaverapidprogress,shorttransitionalperiodandmanycommons,andcooperationamongproduction,studyandresearchshouldbestrengthened.(3)vidualenterprises,butalsocompetitionamongindustrialchainsandtechnicalstandards,,therapiddevelopmentofZGCindustriala,thereareplentyofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)aswellasleadingenterprisesineachindustrysuchasLenovo,VimicroandDatang.(1)Thoughleadingenterprisesineachindustryareaheadofthecountry,theyarestillinacomparativelyweakpositionininternationalcompetition,andarerestrictedbyforeignenterprisesinintellectualpropertyrightandtechnicalstandards,,suchastheIntelligentGroupingandResourceSharing.(2)ThoughSMEshavestronginnovativevigor,theyaresmallinscaleandweekinstrength,,theyneedalliancetoachievescaleeconomyandobtaincertainmarketaccess....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Accordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.(4)CPIhasrisenmoderatelyintheyearasth,%,,%%%%overthesameperiodoflastyearwhilethepurchasepricesofrawmaterials,%,,,thepricesofgasoline,%,%%,%,%%,thepricerisesofrawmaterialswillhavea,andthepricefluctuationhastendedtobeeasedup.(1)ThesupplyanddemandontheenergymarkethasbeenimprovedandthepricerisehascomedownFromJanuarytoOctober,(tce),%.,%,%%.;,thedemandforcoalin2006wasstrong,,%cityisaround80millionkw,,thedomesticconsumptionofcrudeoil,gasolineanddieseloilhadgrewmoreslowlythaninthefi,theinventoryofg,,,%.Withthedrasticfallofinternationaloilpricesinthesecondhalfoftheyear,,theex-fa,%inJuly....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*Thisisthegeneralreporton"AnAnalysisoftheMarketSituationinChinain2006andtheForecastfor2007"bytheInstituteofMarketEconomy.ag国际馆申博视讯重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ZhouHongchun,GuoBaolinFuTaoAlongwiththegradualimprovementofChinassocialistmarketeconomy,relevantreformshavebeenmadeinthefieldsoftheinvestment,,reformingtheoperationandmanagementofthefacilitiesforsewageandgarbagetreatmenthastheoperationandmanagementofurbanenvironmentalfacilities,sPilotPracticeinReformingUrbanEnvironmentalFacilitiesUndertheguidanceofstatepolicies,ChinahascarriedoontheReformoftheInvestmentSystem(StateCouncil,2004),theOpinionsonAcceleratingtheMarketizationoftheMunicipalPublicUtilities(MinistryofConstruction,2002),theRegulationsontheConcessionoperationandManagementofMunicipalPublicUtilities(MinistryofConstruction,2004),andtheOpinionsonStrengtheningtheRegulationofMunicipalPublicUtilities(MinistryofConstruction,2005).Thesedocuments(municipalitiesandautonomousregions)havealsointroducedpol(municipalitiesandautonomousregions)promulgatedconcreteopinionsoncomprehensivelypushingforwardthemarketizationofmunicipalpublicutilities,andFujianandfourotherprovincespublishedguidingdocuments,Shenzhenanions(municipalitiesandautonomousregions),theyhavespedupthemarketizationoftheoperationofurbanenvironmentalfacilitplantsMostoftheurbansewagetreatmentprojectshaveemployedthebuild-operate-transfer(BOT)modeandthetransfer-operate-transfer(TOT)tiesconductedinJune2005bytheMinistryofConstructionindicatesthatofthe200projectswhosereformplanshadbeenconfirmed,49%adoptedtheBOTmodeand9%hatthenumberoftheBOTu%ofthenationaltotal,whichwasfollowedbythecentralandwesternregions,%.,thosewithacapacityof10,000~30,%ofthetotaltreatmentcapacity,mostlyrangingbetween20,000~30,,000~50,000cubicmetersperday(excludingthecapacityof30,000cubicmetersperday)%.Whilethosewithacapacityof50,000~100,000cubicmetersperday(excludingthecapacityof50,000cubicmetersperday)accountedfor18%,fewoftheprojectswithacapacityofmorethan100,000cubicmetersadoptedtheBOTmode.--,theLongtianandShatianSewageTreatmentPlantsinLonggangDistrictbuiltwiththejointinvestmentofShenzhensmunicipal,districtandtownshipgovernmentswereleasedtotheAnhuiGuozhenEnvironmentalProtectionandEnergyConservationTechnologiesCo.,,,thetwoplantsrequiredmorethanRMB500,,thegovernmentonlyhadtopayRMB400,dstrengtheningmanagement.--,theXinhuiDongjiaoSewageTreatmentPlantinGuangdongbuiltin200ion,andtheenterprisebuilttheplantbyitselfandrec~,theplantwillbehandedovertothegovernmentwithoutcompensation.--,,theinvestorhandst,theJidaSewageTreatmentPlantinZhuhaiwastransferredtotheFrenchVivendiWaterAsiaCo.,,,~itiallybeenformedTheNoticeontheIssuesConcerningtheAttractionofForeignInvestmentinBOTpromulgatedin1995bythethenMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperationplayedaguidingandregulatoryrolein,thestatespolicyprioritywastoguideandregulatethe,thestatedecidedtodiversifytheinvestorsinurbanwatersupply,sewageandgarbagetreatmentandothermunicipalpublicutilitiessothatdiversetypesandcategoriesofChineseandforeignfundsthatcouldbeut,thecityofBeijingdecidedtoopenurbansewageandgarbagetreatment,wated,Beijinglaunchedalarge-scaletend,Dingfuzhuang,Dongba,,thecityofDalianin2002transferredtheoperatingandpropertyrightsofabatchofc,Chunliuhe,Laohutan,QuanshuiandShiergou,msforPublicInfrastructureandPublicUtilities,Dalianopenedtosocialcapitalallareasof,,drainage,sewageandgarbagetreatment,medicalwastestreatment,,socialandforeigncapitalwouldbeallowedtoparticipateinconstructionandoperationinwholly-owned,joint-venture,,thecompetentmunicipalauthoritiesgrantedafi,theMunicipalBureauofEnvironmentalProtectionorganizedopenbiddi,thegovernmentalsoofferedpreferentialpoliciestotheexclusiveoperators,includingtheexemptionoftheland-usefee....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Datasource:China’sRuralStatisfthatofthesocietyasawhole,includingsocialold-ageinsurance,socialmedicalinsurance,socialreliefandspecialpension,,%ofthevillagesinGuannanandJiangyinofJiangsuProvincewithgoodeconomicconditionshaveparticipatedinruralcooperativemedicalsystem;zation,managementandservicesocialurance,thethreepartiesofthestate,thecollectiveandhousehold(individual)efitandplacementaremainlyhandledbythegovernmentdepartmentsatalllevels;atthesametime,gener,farmersarenolongerrestrernmentsatvariouslevelsstartingfrom1998hasgraduallyestablishedastatemanagementsystemfeaturinginsuitableuniformmanagementandsocialsecuritysystem,inwhichlaborandsocialsecuritydepartmentsmakeuniformmanagementonthenationalsocialsecurityaffairs;andthecivilaffairsdepart,,withitstypical“SunanModel”()characterizedby“familysecurityasthebasis,communitysecurityasthecore,andcommercialinsuranceasthesupplement”.ThegovernmenthassetupaManagementCommitteeforRuralSocialOld-ageInsuranceFund,shedtod,15,030ruralresidentswerenewlycoveredbyruralsocialold-ageinsurancesystem,%.Intermsoftheincomeandexpenses,thesocialsecuritydepartmentsattownshipleveladoptafull-responsibilitymethodof“managementexpenseslefttothetown,inwhichthegapwillbesubsidizedbytownfinance”,a’sruralsocialsecuritysystemhasmaderemarkableprogresssincenewChinawasfounded,itstilllagsbehindpeople’,,regionalsocialsecurityprojects,suchasruralsocialold-ageinsuranceandruralsocialmedicalinsurance,coveronlylessthan10%ofruralpopulation;andsocialrelief,veteranbenefitandplacementandsocialwelfare(resthomesandthesystemforprovidingfood,clothing,medialcare,housingandburialexpensesforchildlessandinfirmruralresidents)arequitelimited,,small-scopeandnarrow-coverageruralsocialsecuritycannotmeettheneedsofruralsocialdevelopmentThemainformsofChina’sruralsocialsecurityareruralsocialrelief,socialspecialpension,rural“fiveguarantees”andruralsocialold-ag“fiveguarantees”,,ruralsecurityprojectsmainlyconsistsofsocialreliefandsocialspecialpension,urance,work-relatedinjuryinsuranceandchild-bearinginsuranceaccountforlessthan5%nlycarriedoutinafewareas,conflictingwiththelawandregulationsthanyinsurancesaccountforalmost50%ofthetotalsamplenumbers(Table2),whilet%,mostofwhomhavedonesooutofthefarmers’(%)ByLvGangResearchReportNo004,2006Inthepasttwodecades,ForeignDirectInvestment(FDI)hasmadesignificantcontributionstoChina’seconomicdevelopmentbyincreasingitsindustrialproduction,exports,employme’sdomestictechnologicalcapability(),however,,positiveeffectsofFDIonhostcountries’technologyadvancementaremainlymanifestedintwoways,namelytechnologytransferandtechnologyspillovers(ordiffusion).ThetechnologytransferfromTransnationalCorporations(TNCs)totheirsubsidiariesinChinahasdramaticallyraisedthetechnologylevelofthecountry’smanufacturingsectorinarelativelyshortperiod,butitisgenerallybelievedthatthetechnologicalcapacityofforeign-investedenterprises(FIEs)shouldnotbecountedasthehostcountry’sDomesticTechnologicalCapability(DTC).Besides,thetechnologiesobtainedbyFIEsfromtheirparentcompaniesareforthemostpartthoseembodiedinproductsormachineryratherthanthetechnologicalabilitytodesign,,onlythetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsisregardedasChina’,technologyspilloversmayboostlocalenterprises’,whichreferstotheconnectionsbetweenforeignTNCs’,whentheemployeesofFIEsgotoworkforlocalenterprises,the,wheretheexistenceofFIEsintensifiesmarketcompetitioninthehostcountryandforceslocalfirmstoraiselaborpr,whichmeansthatthead,FDImayalsohavenegativeeffectsonthedevelopmentofhostcountries’,localfirmsmaybecomeheavilydependentonimportedtechnologyandreluctanttoconductindependentResearchandDevelopment(RD).Secondly,withtheiradvantageintermsofbrands,technologyandcapital,FIEsmayachievemonopolisticoroligopolistpositioninhostcountry’smarketandthereforerestrainlocalfirms’:ACross-sectionStudyQuiteafewforeignscholarshaveconductedresearchontherelationshipbetweenFDIandhostdevelopingcountries’identifywhetherthereexistsasignificantrelationshipbetweentheratioofFDIinindustrialsectorsandlocalfirms’,however,’laborproductivityandconcludedthattechnologyspilloversdidexist[1].OthersclaimedthattherehadbeennosignificanteffectsofFDIonthegrowthrateoflocalfirms’everyindustry,butaredependentonthetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsandthemarketsizeofhostcountries[2].MostexistingempiricalstudybydomesticscholarsonF’sinvestigation(2002)on127FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,ShenzhenandSuzhou,andWangChunfa’sinvestigationonalmost400FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,Shenzhen,filiatesinChina,,however,’sinvestigationshowedthat58%ofthesampleFIEshavelocalsuppliers,amongwhich69%haveinfluencedtheirlocalsuppliersbysettingupqualitystandardsforthelatter,buyingsharesofthelatter,,morethanhalfofthesampleFIEsinWang’sinvestigationbelievedtheyhavedonelittletoenhanceChina’swithlocalfirms;overtwothirdsofsampleFIEshaveno(1994)hassetupacross-sectionregressionmodeltoid,explanationsofvariablesandhypothesesTheequationisasfollows:,economyhasgrownatahigherlevelandtendstoaccelerate;therehasbeenaboomingdemandonChinesedomesticmarket,investmenthasincreasedfasterandconsumptionhasbeenmorevigorous;foreigntr,accelerationofeconomicgrowthhasbeenbroughtundercontrol,,%%,theChineseeconomycontinueditshighergrowth,%year-on-year,,,%、%、%%,,,theoverallleveloftheeconomicgrowthwashigherthanlastyear,,fixedassetinvestmentofthewholesocietyamountedto10987billionyuan,%againstlastyear,,,%,ns,%fromJanuarytoApril,%fromJanuarytoMay,%fromJanuarytoJune,%fromJanuarytoJuly,%fromJanuarytoSeptember,%fromJanuarytoNovember,showi,totalretailvalueofsocialconsumergoodsamountedto7641billionyuan,%againstlastyear,rgoods,theratewas13%fromJanuarytoApril,%fromJanuarytoMay,%fromJanuarytoJune,%fromJanuarytoJuly,%fromJanuarytoSeptember,%fromJanuarytoNovember,tasalltheyearround,%,%,%,%.,%againstlastyear,,,%;,%.Withimportandexportvolumesoffsettingeachother,,%,,%,%,%,,industrialenterprisesabo,%.Tosumup,economicgrowthpresentedapatternofgrowingfast,,%in2007,%-%,,%ratepossiblyobtainedbyacountryunderthegivenavailabletechnologiesandresou-2006,GDPgrowthrateofChinawere10%,%,%%respectively,alwaysremainingabove10%andslightlyincreased;atthesametime,-2006,%,%,%respectively;%,%%,itcanbethoughtthattodatetheeconomicgrowthhasneversurpassedthepotentialgrowthrateand,intermsofemployment,,howtofigureoutChinascurrentpotentialeconomicgrowthratehasbecomea,whenChinasucceededinrealizingthe"softlanding"ofitseconomy,thereexistedaconsistentcognitionthatthepotentialgrowthrateoftheChineseeconomyremainedaround7-8%.Butlater,theinsufficientdemandandovercooleconomythatcameintobeingduring1998-2000provedthattheeconomicgrowthrateof7-8%isonthelowsideagainstthepresentdevelopmentinChina,especiallyagainsttheenormouspressureofemployment(theaverageannualeconomicgrowthrateduring1998-%).Around2001-2006,%,-2000,accordingly,thehouseholdconsumerpriceindexgrewfrom-%%.Onthewhole,suchachangewaspositive,quickeningeconomicgrowth,ound10%.Ifinconsiderationofthecurrentsocialfundsurplus(prodigiousamountofbankdeposits,hugeamountsofforeignexchangereserve,etc.),laborsurplus(ahugepressureofemployment),andthegoodtechnicalelementstosupporttheproductioncapacity;andinconsiderationoftheabilityformarketadjustmentandsupplygrowthbeingheightened(alsotheabilityoftheenterprisesbeingenhancedinindependentdevelopment),itcanbethoughtthattheChinesepotentialeconomicgrowthrateshouldbeslightlyhigherthan10%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByZhangXiaojiResearchReportNo226,earsafterWTOAccessionJoiningtheWorldTradeOrganizationcanenableChinatoenjoythelong-termunqualifiedmost-favored-nationtreatmentandc,eliminatingquantitativerestrictionsandliberalizingaccessreq,,competitioncangreatlypromoteChina’etopeningFirst,,itsoveralltarifflevelhasbeenloweredyearafteryear,,fbothdomesticandforeignresources,tooptimizeresourceallocationsorientedtowardbothChineseandforeignmarkets,people’sdailylife,moreforeigncommoditieswillentertheChines,China’,,’,thesethreeyearshavewitnessedthebestpe,China’,themonthlyrateofexportgrowthhasbeenabove20percent,,,theexportgrowthof,theprop,ingeneral,theproportionofmechanicalandelectricalproductsinChina’sexporthasbeenrising,tradestructurehasvisiblyimproved,,’,someservicesectors,suchasretail,hadbeenopenedearlierthanscheduled(includingsomeirregularopening).Ontheotherhand,investmentin,theinternationalnetworkadvantage,thebrand-newconceptsandideasofoperationsandmodesofservicebroughtinbymultinationalcompanieshavep’,a,62foreignbanksfrom19countriesandregionshadestablished204businessinstitutionsinChina,ofwhich,,9Chinesecommercialbankshadbeenallowedtoabsorbforeigninvestmentsandfourcompanie,theassetsscaleofforeignbankshadalsoexpanded,withtheirsharesinthetotalassetsofChina’,thetotalassetsoff,,’nshavepromotedeconomicrestructuringOverthepastthreeyears,nearly30departmentsoftheStateCouncilrevampedmorethan2,300laws,regulationsanddepartmentalrulesinaccordancewiththeWTOrulesandtheneedofChina’,325documentswereamendedand830documentswerecancelledbytheNationalPeople’sCongress,,tradeinservices,intellectualproperty,reEnterprises,theLawonSino-ForeignCooperativeEnterprisesandtheGuidanceoftheOrientationofForeignInve,ChinapromulgatedtheLawonForeignTrade,providingalegalguaranteetoensurethatgovernme,theStateCouncilalsorevamped,reducedands,thegovernmentsatalllevelsarestandardizingtheirbehaviorsonexaminationandapprovalinaccordancewiththerequirementsspecifiedintheLawofthePeople’,theyareimprovingthesystemforpublicannouncementofexaminationandapproval,perfectingthemechanismforinformationfeedbackrencyoftheformulationandimplementationofeconomicandtradepolicies,theStateCouncilexplicitlystipulatedthatalltherulesandpoliciesconcerningtradeandinvestmentformulatedinthefuturebythegovernmentdepartmentsatalllevelsmustbepublishedonthedesignatedpubl,ChinaestablishedadepartmentintheMinistryofCommercetobeinchargeoftheChinesegovernment’QuarantinetheconsultingunitsonTechnicalBarrierstoTrade(TBT)andonSanitationandPlantSanitation(SPS),transparencyandjusticeofChina’stradeandinvestmentsystemandareofimportantsignificancetothebuildingofthesocialistmarketeconomy.、ag国际馆申博视讯用户至上悦博用户登陆ZhaoJinpingThestatisticsgivenbytheMinistryofCommerceindicatethatinthefirstninemonthsof2005,foreigndirectinvestmentacrossChina,thecontractualvalueofforeigninvestmenthasgrosof2005,Chinaapproved32,000enterpriseswithforeigndirectinvestment,largelyatthesamelevelinthesameperiodofthepreviousyear;,;,,theactualinvestmentinjointventuresandcooperativeenterpriseshasdippedwhile,cooperativeenterprisesandwhollyforeign-ownedenterprises,whichwerethethreemainformsofforeigninvestment,,,brieperiod,wecanexpectthatinthefuture,themainstreamstatusofthewhollyforeign-,theinvestmentfromEuropeandJapancontin,differentcountries(regions),r-fastgrowthforseveralyearsstraight,,investmentfromthefreeportsofBritishVirginIslandsandSamoagrewrapidly,witht,thevalueoftheactuallyutilizedforeigninvestmentinChina’swesternregionincreasedrapidly,whiletheeastestsevenmonthsof2005,thewesternregion,whichusedtoseeitsgrowthfarlowerthanthatofthenationalaveragelevel,,Sichuan,Guangxi,InnerMongoliaandShaanxibecamethema,,,HebeiandShandongreportedamostdrasticdecline,Guangdong,,thestructuralproblemthatforeigndirectinvestmenthadbe,theeasternregionclaimed90percentofChina’sactuallyattracte,thewesternregionclearlylackedthestayingpowerforthecontinuousgrowthofactualinvest,thedeclineoftheactualinvestmentintheserv,thegr,thevalueoftheforeigninvestmentactuallyutilizedbythetradeinservicesector,whichwascalculatedaccordingtoWTOparameters,,constructionservice,touristservice,financeandrealestateallsawtheirforeigninvestmentdroppingbymorethan10percentandbecamethemainfactortopulldownth,gasandwat,electricity,oilandtransportcapacitybeginningin2004hadspurredinvestment,thesectorsoftransportequipment,specialequipment,generalmachineryandelectroniccommunicationsequipment,whichpostedmorethan50percentgrowthin2004,municationsequipmentcontinuedtogrow,,theaveragescaleofforeigninvest,,,thegradualimprovementoftheenvironmentforacquisitioninvestmentwillprovide,India’sMittalSteelCo.,thelargestironandsteelproducerintheworld,,,,,’sPingAnInsurance(Group)Co.,,()tobecomePingAn’slargtedStateswentintooperationinChengdu,,basedontheinformationoftheChinaAcquisitionNet,werecompletedthroughstockmarkets(includingthatinHongKong)andtheamountsoftheirinvestmentswerenotincludedintheMinistryofCommercestatisticsonforeigndirectinvestment.XieFuzhan,LiuShijin,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqunLiJianweiByJinSanlinResearchReportNo009,2006In2006,ce,,TendingtoSlowDownFromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,thegrowthrateoftheunrecoveredbalanceofcapitalbyfinishedindustrialproductshasbeenonthedecline,andthistrendcontinuedintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,indicatingrchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRC,theperformanceofupstreamindustriesandthemiddleinvestmentproductscontinuedtodropintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruary,andthegrowthrateof,factorsthatleadtotheslowing-downofeconomicperformancemainlyinclude:First,theproblemofsurpluscapacityinsomeindustriesstillexists,andinparticular,surpluscapacityinsuchindustriesasironandsteel,cement,,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,’sexportgrowththisyearinclude:theworldeconomicgrowthmayslowdown,andthegrowthrateofimportofChina’smajortradingpartnerstendtodrop;tradefrictionsmayworsen;theRenminbiexchangeratemayrisebyasmallmargin;andChina’’sgrowthrateofexportwilldropslightly,andtheweakeneddrivi,thesupply-demandrelationshiptendstochangetothesituationwherethesupplyoutpacesthedemand,,thePPI(producerpriceindex)rose3%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,thepurchasingpriceofrawmaterials,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;(consumerpriceindex)%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,roduceacertainshrinkingeffecttotheenterprises’st,consumptiondemandscontinuetorise,,alongwiththefasteconomicdevelopment,theincomelevelsofurbanandruralresidentsalsorosefast,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,andafterdeductingthepricefactor,%,continuingthetrendofanactualgrowthof12%registeredinthepreviousyear,,inthesaleamountofwholesaleandretailindustryabovethedesignatedquota,%,%%.Drivenbythedemandofresidentsforhouses,autosandelectronicinformationproducts,thebaseforasustainablegrowthofauto,realestate,electronicinformationindustriesissolidandfavorable,ofwhich,thedevelopmentoftheautoindustry,aftereliminatingitsinventoryandadjustingtheproductmix,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,withmacrocontrolandadjustmentmeasureslastyear,irrationaldemandscausedbyspeculativeactivitiesarebeingbroughtundercontrol,,thepriceofcommodityhousescontinuedtorise,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,%,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,althoughthegrowthratedroppedslightlycomparedwiththatofthepreviousyear,,drivenbyconsumption,thedevelopmentofendindustriesaccelerated,therewa,localgovernmentsareallhighlyenthusiasticaboutspeedingupthedevelopmentrelatedtotheirrespectiveplans,thedemandsinallsectorscouldbetranslatedintoahugedemandforinvestment,andtherefore,,alongwiththechangeofenterprises’internalmechanismandthefiercemarketcompetition,investmentbye,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,higherthantheoverallgrowthrateofinvestment,ofwhich,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,an%,,thetotalengineeringandconstructionprojectsofurbanfixedassetinvestmentamountedto48,589,anincreaseof9,913overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear;thenumberofnewlystartedprojectswas11,723,anincreaseof4,140overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%,althoughthegrowthofloanswasnothigh,moneysupplywasrelativelysufficient,,ofthegrowthrateofbankloans,short-termloanshaveregisteredthebiggestdrop,butmiddleandlong-termloanshaveallregisteredafastgrowth,indicatingthatfinancialin,thegrowthrateoffixedassetinvestmenttendstoaccelerate.ostedtheirinnovationcapacity,productsdevelopmentandprovision,buttheusindustrialsectors,,textileprod,thehigh-endmarketofterminalproductsisstilldominatedbyfore,thehigh-en,thehigh-endp,,from41,500piecesin1990to476,,theproportionofpatentapplicationsbyenterpriseswentupfrom16%in1990to33%,,’,anaverageannualgrowthofmorethan20%.%%,ofwhichenterprisesaccountedfor60%.%,,theRDspendingbytypicalChineseenterprisesinsomeindustriesisonlyone-fifthorone-tenthoftheamountspentbymajorforeigncounterparts,,,39percentofthe23,267largeand,,theenterprisesarestillweakintheircapacitiestomanageRDactivitiesandtointegrateinternalandexternalinnovationnetworksandintheirorganizationalandmanagementcapacitiestocoverthewholevaluechainofinnovation,ounterpartsint,suchasthesteelandpetrochemicalindustries,haveafairlystrongcapacityfortechnologicalinnovationandalsoafairlystrongoverallstrength;theindustries,suchasthecommunicationsequipmentindustry,haveafairlystrongcapacityfortechnologicalinnovationandanaveragelevelofoverallstrength;theindustries,suchastheindustriesproducingpower-generatingequipmentandelectronicITterminals(TV,PC),haveanaverageorstrongercapacityfortechnologicalinnovation(itvariesaccordingtodifferentproducts)andcertainoverallstrength;theindustries,suchastheLCDindustry,havecertaintechnologicalcapacitybuttheiroverallenterprisestrengthisweak;intheindustriessuchastheautoindustry,therepresentativeenterprisesstillhavetoenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacity,,,theLCDenterprisesalreadypossesscertain,theydonothaveagreatoverallstrengthandechnologieseasily,ldforstartingcapitalintheearlystageofdevelopment,theenterpriseshavemoreopportuningcapitalstillfacegndwheremarketsarelargeandgrowfaster,,theautoindustryisdominatedbyjoint-ventureenterprises;althoughtheindustryhasbeengrowingfast,,mainlyserveslargecustomersandhasahightechnologicalthreshold,,theearly-co,whichhelpstheearly-comingenterpr,novationcapacities,thestatusandupgradingofenyPeterXiong,-’sdefinitionorbasedonthestudiesofinnovationprocess,boththialinnovationisco(science,technology,productionandmarket)thatcoverthevaluechai,itisalsosubjecttotheinfluence,,thekeyplayersininnovationmustbeabletoeffectivelyidentifydirections,organizeresources,continuetoinvest,chnologicalinnovationandhavediverseresources,namelythemotivationandcapacityforsustainedinnovation,theyarethekeyplayersininnovationinamarketeconomy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORByLinZeyanResearchReportNo173,2006EntrustedbytheHumanResourcesBureauoftheOrganizationDepartmentoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,theHumanResourcesResearchandTrainingCenteroftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilconductedasamplequestionnairesurveyoverthecurrentstateofcorporatehumanresources[1]ondepartmentsoftheCPCprovincial(municipal)committeesacrossthecountry,thesurveycoverednearly10,000enterprisesand60,,lopmentWiththeestablishmentofasocialistmarketeconomyandtheintensificationofmarketcompetition,t"buildingthenationthroughhumanresourcesdevelopment"wasintroduced,diverseandwide-rangingpoliciesoncor,thedevelopmentofcorporatehumanresourceshasbeenstrengthenedandacontingentofcar,,,nterpriseshavereceivedcollegeoraboveeducation,wnedenterprises,ent,therearetwoissu"double-track"systemforhumanresourcesdevelopmenthasledtoanaggregateshortageincorporatehumanresourcesandaseriousimbalanceinthehumanresourcesstructureComparedwiththedemandoftheongoingindustrialrestructuring,thechangeinthemodeofeconomicgrowthandthecorporatedevelopmentandinnovation,humanresourcesaregrosslyinsufficientforenterprisesandespeciallyforindustrialenterpri,the12sectorswheremorethan60outof100peoplehavereceivedcollegeoraboveeducationareallinthetertiaryindustry,includieswanttogototheinternationalmarketinthenext10-15years,theyneedatleast75,,onlyabout3,000–5,,onlymorethan40percentofthe5,000ChineseCEOshavereceiveduniversityeducatindmanagerialpersonnelbasetheirdecision-makingonintuitionorhearsays,,humanresourcesareoverused,over-consumedorwasted,ntregions,,boththeaggregateamountandthequalityofthehumanresourcesinthesecondaryindustryarerelativelylow,,therelativeeconomiccontributionofthehumanreso,corporatehumanresourcesare"strongineastandweakinwest"and"goodineastandpoorinwest".Intermsofthedistributionofoperationalandmanagerialpersonnel,thestate-ownedenterprisesaremostlyinsixsectors:manufacturing;finance;transportation,warehousingandpostalservice;construction;mining;:manufacturing,construction,andwholesaleandretail,,Zhejiang,,,"officialrankistakenastheonlycriterionforjudgingone’ssocialworth"andthat"thosewhoworkwiththeirbrainsruleandthosewhoworkwiththeirhandsareruled".Asurveycovering4,000householdsind,theyaregovernmentorgans,publicinstitutions,monopolyenterprises,financeandinsurance,"double-track"systemforhumanresourcesdevelopmentbetweengovernmentorgans,,thoseemployedingovernmentorgansandpublicinstitutionsfeellessrisky,moresecureandmoresociallyrespected,whilethoseemployedinenterprisesandespeciallyinhighlymarketizedandtrulycompetitiveenterprisesfeelmorerisky,,thegovernmentorgansandpublicinstitutionsimplementthehighlysecure"employmentandretirementsystems"whilethehighlymarketizedenterprisesfollowthe"employmentandendowmentinsurancesystems".Incomparison,thoseemployedinenterpriseshaveafair,mostjob-seekerspreferthepositionsthatofferlifetimesecurity,power,fame,gainandlesscareerrisktotheskill-requiredpostsandcorporatepositions.ChenDaofuPrivateequityinvestment,whichiscalledPE(PrivateEquity)forshort,referstoakindofinvestmentintonon-listedequityornon-publiclytradedequity(privateequity)feringtoraisefundsfromnon-specifiedpublic,ortakeprivateplacement(non-publicoffering)toraisefundsfromspecificgroup,especial,,inviewofliquidity,transparencyandraisingfunds,,privateequityinvestmentfundsgenerall,privateequityinvestmentfundsincludeventurecapitalinvestment,mergersacquisitions,growthfunds,realestate,,withtheeverboominginternationalPEmarketandhugereturnsfromindividualinvestmentaswellastheappreciationofChinasstockmarketandrealestatevalue,thedemandforcorporaterestructuringand,sPEmarketIn2001and2002,thenumberoflocalventurecapital(VC)institutionsinChinareachedabout300,,thenumberofforeign-investedventurecapitalinstitutionswasabout50annually,,thereisahugegapbetweentheamount,the130localventurecapitalinstitutionsonlyheldaboutUS$470million,butthe45foreign-investedventurecapitalinstitutionsheldUS$,China,localventurecapitalinstitutionsinvestedin168companiesandinvestedUS$190million,butforeign-investedonesinvestedin51companieswithaninvestmentofUS$,localventurecapitalinvestedin83companies,whileforeign-investedonesinvestedin126companies,sarenotobviousandstillremainatthelevelofUS$160million,however,foreign-investedventurecapitalinvestmenthadalreadyreachedUS$730million,nearlyfivetimesthatofthelocalone,theabsolutesuperio,atotalof40privateequityfundswereestablishedinChinesemainlandandUS$,another17PEtobeinvestedinChinamainlandcompletedfund-raisingofUS$;inthesecondquarter,therewere15PEthatcouldmakeinvestmentinmainlandChinaandcompletedfund-raisingwithatotalofUS$alapproachofChina,therehavebeen16IPOwithdrawalcasesamong17PEones,%.Inthefirstquarterof2007,,therewere19withdrawaltransactions,,enterpriseswithdrawingthroughIPOaccountedfor80%,79%,72%,68%and64%,scurrentPEfocusedmoreonthepreliminarylistingstage,,enterprises,suchasMengniu,LiNing,eBay,Dangdang,SINA,Shengda,AsiaInfo,STPandBelle,chooseoverseasmarket(includingHongKong),bytheendof2006,thenumberofChineseenterpriseslistedoverseashadreachedmorethan400,ofwhichenterpriseslistedbyred-chipmodetakeupover80%.Amongthem,in2005,atotalof81companiesgotlistedoverseas,raisingUS$,atotalof86companiesgotlistedoverseas,raisingUS$,drivenbygoodperformanceofinternationalanddomesticPE,capitaltrustscheme,andtheywillcompetemorepositivelyinPEmarketespeciallyduetothefactthattherecent200contractswererevisedtobequalifiedinstitutionalinvestorswithoutlimitationonnumberandlessthan50qualifiednaturalpersons,meanwhile,,secu,expect“ViewsoftheStateCouncilontheReformandDevelopmentofInsuranceIndustry”,insurancecompaniesgotqualifiedfor“carryingoutpilotprojectsconcerninginsurancefundsinvestmentinpropertyassetsandventurecapitalenterprises”.AlthoughtheInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionisstillrelativelycautiousonthisissue,,suchasSino-SwissPartnershipFund,ASEAN-ChinaInvestmentFundandSino-BelgianEquityDirectInvestmentFund,BohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFund,,variousfinancialinstitutionsinChina,beingaseitheradministratorsorfundholders,ullplayInJanuary2007,approvedbytheStateCouncil,BohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFundandBohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFundManagementCo.,an,,theinitiativeofgovernmentsofvariousregionsarefullymobilized,,fourindustryfundsincludingGuangdongNuclearPowerFund,ShanxiEnergyFund,ShanghaiFinancialFundandSichuanMianyangHi-techFund,becamethesecondpiloti,thereemergedmorePEinvestmentinChinastraditionalsectors,thus,bstaclesforPEdevelopmentTheamendedPartnershipBusinessLawwhichwas,theyincluderegulationsoflimitedpartnershipandlimitedliabilitypartnership;secondly,theyallowlegalpersonsorotherorganizationstobepartners;thirdly,theymakeclearthecollectionrulesforpartnershipincometax,whic,Chinasfirstventurecapitalenterpriseorganizedintheformoflimitedpartnership,SouthSeaGrowthVentureCapitalLimitedPartnershipEnterprise,"TheDevelopmentPlanforInnovativeEnterprises”%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Accordingtothestatisticalmethodoninternationalpayment,%in2005,ofwhichtheimportandexportrespectivelyincreasedby28%and18%.Sothemostdirectcauseofthegoodstradesurplusin2005wagrowthandthehugeproductioncapacityduetofastdomesticinvestmentincreasehaveaddedpress,whichareconducivetoexportexpansion,,thechangesintheexpectationofRMBappreciatitionandtheboomingrealestatemarket,someenterprisestransferredoverseascapitalintotheterritorythrough"declaringmorethantheactualexportamount"or"lessthantheactualimportamount"inorde"capitalaccount"tradesurplusincreaseinarelativelylongperiodoftime(2001-2005).Accordingtothecalculationofthecustomsstatistics(SeeTable3),wecandrawthefollowingconclusions,first,privateandforeign-investedenterprisessawfastestincreaseoftradesurplus,con%%;openingofforeigntradeoperationr,intermsofmodeoftrade,processingtradeisth%.ItshowsthatthetradeexpansionduetotheglobalindustrialdistributionchangesandgraduallyintensifieddeepprocessinghaveledtotheconstantincreaseofChina’,country(region)-specific,thegrowthofforeigntradesurplusintheleadingEuropeanandAmericancountriesisamaincauseoftheoverallincrease,%%.Atthesametime,thetradedeficitofJapan,,theRepublicofKorea,,intermsofmaincommodities,commoditiesclassifiedbyrawmaterials,machineryandequipmentandmiscellaneousproductsunderthefinishedindustrialproductsarethemainsourcesoftradesurplus,%,%%.Theyincludethelabor-intensiveproductswithwhichChinahastraditionalcompetitiveedgeaswellasthemachineryproductsmadeunderthemodeofproce,thesustainedsurplushasbeenaresultofChina’sdeepeningofreformandopeningup,traditionalcompetitiveadvantages,industrialtransferoftransnationalc,ithasbeenbroughtaboutbyglobalization.。

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